Red-vented Bulbul
Pycnonotus cafer
(L 8.5" WS 18" Wt 3.7 oz)
Native of the Indian Subconti-
nent ...first appeared in Hawaii
by cage release.
Listed among the world’s 100 most inva-
sive species.
   • major pest of agriculture and gardens.
   • $300,000/yr damage to O’ahu orchids.
   • spreads seeds of invasive plants.
   • aggressively chases other birds.
Pia Valley, O’ahu
17Feb2014
Kapiolani Park
O’ahu
16Feb2014
11Oct2015