‘Akiapola’au
Endemic to Hawaii and only
found on the “Big” Island.
Hemignathus munroi
(L 5.5")
IUCN WATCH
LIST STATUS IS
ENDANGERED
Common in the late 19th
C. but numbers have
dropped drastically by
rats that eat its eggs.
  - threatened by cats and
dogs as well.
  - also loss of dependent
trees to pigs and alien
plants.
  - mosquito-carried dis-
eases are a major problem.
The holy grail of
Hawaiian birding.
      (Bob Sundstrom)
 
Near Saddle Road
“Big” Island
21Feb2014
The lower mandible pokes holes in
a tree and the unusually curved
upper mandible extracts the prey.